ICT-based Approaches for Micro Grids and the Potential of Buildings as Smart Prosumers

Bachelorarbeit, Diplomarbeit, Masterarbeit

Themen-Schwerpunkt: Energie, Energiemanagement
Studiengänge: Elektrotechnik, Informatik, Informationstechnik, Informationswirtschaft, Wirtschaftsinformatik, Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen


The fluctuating energy supply based on distributed and renewable energy resources results in a major change of the energy system since electrical energy demand and supply always have to be balanced. In order to enable the ubiquitous Smart Grid, the interconnection of smaller, self-controlling energy networks has been recognized as a promising way. Micro grids are such small energy networks that are, to a high degree, able to balance demand and supply internally by the use of intelligent information and communication technology (ICT). Examples for Micro Grids are manifold and range from small industrial sites to grids covering whole cities. Common is that buildings with more and more on-site generation (e.g., via photovoltaics or combined heat and power units) are essential parts. Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) turn buildings to smart prosumers that locally manage production and consumption on their own by leveraging flexibilities. By additionally offering systems services to the Micro Grid, BEMS can significantly contribute to the Micro Grid's stability which suffers from the fluctuating energy supply.


The thesis aims at a study of existing ICT-based approaches for Micro Grids, and based on that an analysis of how buildings as smart prosumers may support the operation of a Micro Grid by offering system services. The detailed focus can be suited to your interests and knowledge. It may cover different aspects such as the conceptual design, technologies, business models, stakeholder roles, standardization, or incentives.

Wir bieten

  • An intensive supervision
  • A pleasant working atmosphere, and a workplace in the FZI House of Living Labs
  • A student seminar for exchange of ideas and viewpoints
  • Meaningful insights and contacts to industry through cooperation with major players in the area of energy
  • Possibility to continue your work as working student

Wir erwarten

  • Background in computer science, business informatics/ information systems, industrial engineering, electrical engineering, or a related area
  • Very good knowledge of information and communication infrastructures and technologies
  • Good understanding of the electrical energy system, renewable energies, and smart energy systems
  • High eagerness to study related topics
  • Fluent in English or German

Ihre Bewerbung

Please attach your CV and a current transcript of records to your cover letter.

Weitere Informationen

The supervising institute at KIT is the Institute of Applied Informatics and Formal Description Methods (AIFB), Prof. Dr. Hartmut Schmeck.