Modeling flexibility using artificial neural networks

Author(s)
Kevin Förderer, Mischa Ahrens, Kaibin Bao, Ingo Mauser, Hartmut Schmeck
Journal
Energy Informatics
Year
2018
Volume
1
No.
1
Month
Oktober
Abstract
The flexibility of distributed energy resources (DERs) can be modeled in various ways. Each model that can be used for creating feasible load profiles of a DER represents a potential model for the flexibility of that particular DER. Based on previous work, this paper presents generalized patterns for exploiting such models. Subsequently, the idea of using artificial neural networks in such patterns is evaluated. We studied different types and topologies of ANNs for the presented realization patterns and multiple device configurations, achieving a remarkably precise representation of the given devices in most of the cases. Overall, there was no single best ANN topology. Instead, a suitable individual topology had to be found for every pattern and device configuration. In addition to the best performing ANNs for each pattern and configuration that is presented in this paper all data from our experiments is published online. The paper is concluded with an evaluation of a classification based pattern using data of a real combined heat and power plant in a smart building.
DOI
10.1186/s42162-018-0024-4
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Published by
Mischa Ahrens